Politics and statesmanship essays on the american whig party

Four United States Presidents belonged to the party while in office. It had links to the upscale traditions of the Federalist Party.

Politics and statesmanship essays on the american whig party

Second Party System

Origins[ edit ] The presidential election operated without political parties and came down to a four-man race. Each candidate Henry ClayWilliam CrawfordAndrew Jacksonand John Quincy Adamsall of whom were nominally Democratic Republicanshad a regional base of support involving factions in the various states.

With no electoral college majority, the choice devolved on the United States House of Representatives. Clay was not among the three finalists, but as Speaker of the House he negotiated the settlement.

Jackson, despite having won the most popular votes and the most electoral votes, was not elected.

Politics and statesmanship essays on the american whig party

Appealing both to local militia companies as the most famous of the nation's Indian fightersand a hero of the War of and to state political factions, Jackson assembled a coalition, the embryonic Democratic Party, that ousted Adams in Martin Van Burenbrilliant leader of New York politics, was Jackson's key aide, bringing along the large electoral votes of Virginia and Pennsylvania.

His reward was appointment as Secretary of State and later nomination and election to the vice presidency as heir to the Jacksonian tradition.

Politics and statesmanship essays on the american whig party

The Adams-Clay wing of the Democratic-Republican Party became known as the National Republicans, although Adams never considered himself a loyal member of the party.

Jacksonians believed the people's will had finally prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, and newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president.

The Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party The Democrats represented a wide range of views but shared a fundamental commitment to the Jeffersonian concept of an agrarian society.

They viewed the central government as the enemy of individual liberty. The "corrupt bargain" had strengthened their suspicion of Washington politics Jacksonians feared the concentration of economic and political power. They believed that government intervention in the economy benefited special-interest groups and created corporate monopolies that favored the rich.

They sought to restore the independence of the individual--the artisan and the ordinary farmer--by ending federal support of banks and corporations and restricting the use of paper currency, which they distrusted.

Politics And Statesmanship Essays On The American Whig Party –

Their definition of the proper role of government tended to be negative, and Jackson's political power was largely expressed in negative acts. He exercised the veto more than all previous presidents combined. Jackson and his supporters also opposed reform as a movement.

Reformers eager to turn their programs into legislation called for a more active government. But Democrats tended to oppose programs like educational reform and the establishment of a public education system. They believed, for instance, that public schools restricted individual liberty by interfering with parental responsibility and undermined freedom of religion by replacing church schools.

Nor did Jackson share reformers' humanitarian concerns. He had no sympathy for American Indians, initiating the removal of the Cherokees along the Trail of Tears.

Bank War[ edit ] Main article: Presidency of Andrew Jackson Jackson considered himself a reformer, but he was committed to the old ideals of Republicanism, and bitterly opposed anything that smacked of special favors for special interests.

Whig Party (United States) - Wikipedia

While Jackson never engaged in a duel as president, he had shot political opponents before and was just as determined to destroy his enemies on the battlefields of politics.

Local bankers and politicians annoyed by the controls exerted by Nicholas Biddle grumbled loudly. Jackson did not like any banks paper money was anathema to Jackson; he believed only gold and silver ["specie"] should circulate. His Specie Circular of July rejected paper money issued by banks it could no longer be used to buy federal landinsisting on gold and silver coins.

Most businessmen and bankers but not all went over to the Whig party, and the commercial and industrial cities became Whig strongholds. Jackson meanwhile became even more popular with the subsistence farmers and day laborers who distrusted bankers and finance.

For the most part, they follow the conclusions of Peter Teminwho absolved Jackson's policies, and blamed international events beyond American control, such as conditions in Mexico, China and Britain. A survey of economic historians in show that the vast majority concur with Temin's conclusion that "the inflation and financial crisis of the s had their origin in events largely beyond President Jackson's control and would have taken place whether or not he had acted as he did vis-a-vis the Second Bank of the U.

Jackson not only rewarded past supporters; he promised future jobs if local and state politicians joined his team. When Jackson became President, he implemented the theory of rotation in officedeclaring it "a leading principle in the republican creed.Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party Hardcover – May 9, by Thomas Brown (Author)Author: Thomas Brown.

Whig Party: Facts and Summary, schwenkreis.com; Brown, Thomas (). Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party. ISBN Cole, Arthur Charles ().

The Whig Party in the South, online version; Foner, Eric (). Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. ISBN and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party (New York, ), – 88; Lawrence Frederick Kohl, The Politics of Individualism: Parties and the American Character in the Jacksoni- an Era (New York, ); James Oakes, Slavery and Freedom: An Interpretation of the Old South.

Welcome › Forums › Welcome › Politics And Statesmanship Essays On The Ameri. "Henry Clay and the Politics of Consensus." In Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party, pp. New York: Columbia University Press, Clay, Henry. The Papers of Henry Clay, Edited by James Hopkins, Mary Hargreaves, Robert Seager II, Melba Porter Hay et al.

11 vols. Lexington: University Press of. Read the full-text online edition of Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party (). Essays on the Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party. By Thomas Brown. No cover image.

Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party Chapter 6 Southern Whigs and the Politics of.

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